Prevention of cervical cancer

> What is cervical cancer?

The cervix is ‚Äč‚Äčlocated at the entrance to the body of the uterus, between it and the vagina. During a woman's life, it undergoes many hormonal variations (menstruation, pregnancy, menopause).
Cervical cancer frequently develops from pre-existing infections due to a virus called the Papilloma virus. Sexually active women are more likely to contract this virus, but in many cases their bodies are able to get rid of it on its own. , in some cases, this virus causes lesions of the mucous membranes of the uterus, causing the appearance of a tumor.
Doctors estimate that, on average, 15 years pass between the first manifestations of viral persistence and the appearance of cervical cancer. This is why it is imperative to have regular checkups (pap smears) to monitor any lesions. of the uterine mucosa and immediately diagnose the presence of cancer cells.

> The pap test

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The protagonist of the prevention of cervical cancer is the pap test, an examination performed by the gynecologist. The doctor will first examine the external part of the cervix, and then take some cells from the cervix, at the bottom. to the vagina, with the help of a small brush or spatula. This sample will then be sent to an analysis laboratory. The results will be sent directly to the doctor, who will inform you about any anomalies found.
For women between the ages of 25 and 65, it is recommended to have a cervical pap smear every 3 years, after the first two normal pap smears taken one year apart.

> The vaccine

Getting vaccinated against the Papilloma virus is possible and even recommended for young women (aged 14 to 26) who have not yet had sexual intercourse or who have had it for a maximum of one year. Sexually active women, in fact, may already have had the opportunity to come into contact with the virus.
Unfortunately, however, this vaccine does not 100% protect the cervix from this virus. It is therefore necessary to undergo regular pap smears even after having been vaccinated.

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